Traditionally agriculture had a formative influence on villages like Melchingen on the Swabian hills. Corn, potatoes, vegetables, dairy, beef and sheep were and are the main sectors of farming.
But times have changed and also the economic circumstances of the people of this village.
In 1949 there were 114 farms with more than 2 hectares of land.
In 1998 there were only 19 farms left.
In the old days it was already necessary to add other incomes. Today 92 % of the farms are worked part-time. The farmers have to earn their main income outside of agriculture.